Pizza is an Italian dish which consists of a yeasted flatbread typically topped with tomato sauce and cheese and baked in an oven. It can also be topped with extra vegetables, meats, and condiments, and can be made with or without cheese.
The term “pizza” was initially recorded in the 10th century, in a Latin script from the Southern Italian town of Gaeta in Lazio, on the border with Campania.
Modern pizza was invented in Naples, and the dish and its variants have since become well-liked and common in many areas of the world. In 2009, upon Italy’s request, Neapolitan pizza was registered with the European Union as a Traditional Speciality assured dish. The Associazione Verace Pizza Napoletana, a non-profit business was founded in 1984 with headquarters in Naples, aims to “promote and protect… the true Neapolitan pizza”.
Pizza is one of the most familiar foods in the world and a common fast food item in Europe and North America. Many autonomous or chain restaurants, cafes, and fast food outlets offer pizza. Restaurants or chains specializing in pizza are pizzerias. The Pizza delivery is also common in some parts of the world.
Foods similar to pizza have been made since the Neolithic age. The records of people adding other ingredients to bread to make it tastier can be found throughout ancient history. The ancient Greeks supplemented their bread with oils, herbs, and cheese, and in the 6th century BC, the soldiers in Persian King Darius I’s armies baked flatbreads with cheese and dates on top of their battle shields. An early reference to a pizza-like food occurs in the Adenoid, when Celaeno, queen of the Harpies, foretells that the Trojans would not find peace until they are forced by hunger to eat their tables. The Aeneas and his men are served a meal that includes round cakes topped with cooked vegetables. When they eat the bread, they become conscious that these are the “tables” prophesied by Celaeno.
The crust, cheese, tomato sauce, vegetables/ meat or any other choice of flesh.
When it is made at home, it can be baked on a pizza stone in a regular oven to reproduce the effect of a brick oven. Aficionado home-chefs sometimes use a specialty wood-fired pizza oven, usually installed outdoors. The Dome-shaped pizza ovens have been used for centuries, which is one way to achieve true heat distribution in a wood-fired pizza oven. Another option is grilled pizza, in which the crust is baked directly on a barbecue grill. Greek pizza, like Chicago-style pizza, is baked in a pan rather than directly on the bricks of the pizza oven.
When it comes to preparation, the dough and ingredients can be combined on any kind of table. With mass production of pizza, the process can be completely automated. Most restaurants still use standard and purpose-built pizza preparation tables. Pizzerias nowadays can even opt for a hi-tech pizza preparation tables which combine the mass production elements with all the traditional techniques.
“PIZZA IS ALL TIME FAVOURITE SNACK FOR EVERYONE. THERE IS NO AGE FOR LOVING PIZZA BUT WE FIND YOUTH MOSTLY IN PIZZA STORES”.