It is a small pustule or papule. They develop when sebaceous or oil glands become clogged and infected. Leading to swollen, red lesions filled with pus.
They are also known as zits or spots, pimples are a part of acne. They can happen at any age, but most likely to occur around puberty(hormone production changes).
There are glands called sebaceous glands which produce sebum inside pores, The new skin cells grow constantly, and the outer skin layers are being shed. Sometimes, dead skills are not shed. They get stuck together by the sticky sebum and remains in the pore causing blockage in the pore.
- Excess oil on skin
- Changes in hormone levels
- Family history
- Whiteheads: small pimples that remain under the skin. They appear as small, flesh-colored papule.
- Blackheads: These are clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are black or dark brown in color.
- Papules: These arise from the skin, these are solid, small rounded by bumps. They are often pink.
- Pustules: These are clearly visible on the skin surface, these are pimples full of pus. The pus is on the top and the base is red.
- Cysts: These are clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They commonly cause scars and filled with pus. They are usually painful.
- Nodules: These are larger in size, but have a similar structure to papules. They are embedded deep in the skin and can be painful.
ESSENTIAL DO’S AND DONT’S
- Use non-comedogenic
- Wear sunscreen
- Apply ice
- Eat well
- Regular washing
- Wash hair regularly
- Avoid touching the face
- Choose products carefully
It may include topical creams or oral medication.
- Medications- Antibiotics, vitamin A derivative, topical antiseptic.
- Self-care- Moisturizer, warm compress, Benzoyl peroxide.
- Specialists- Primary care provider (PCP), Paediatrician, and dermatologist.