Gandikota is a beautiful destination in Andhra Pradesh. It is famous for its fort and the ‘Grand Canyon’ like gorge. Situated amidst beautiful landscape and wild forests, it is endowed with vast natural resources. Surrounded by a deep valley and impassable hills and with massive boulders of red granite and the river Pennar that flows about 300 ft. below on the west and northern sides, its location affords strong natural defence to the occupants of the Fort.
Gandikota is a village on the right bank of the river Pennar, 15 km from Jammalamadugu in Kadapa district, Andhra Pradesh, India.Gandikota was ruled by powerful Telugu dynasty, the Pemmasani Dynasty and was one of the most prominent forts in the country.
Gandikota area was first identified and made Sand fort in 1123 by Kapa Raja of nearby Bommanapalle village and a subordinate of Ahavamalla Someswara I, the Western Chalukyan king of Kalyana.
The village was ruled for some time by the Mikkilineni Nayaks prior to the emergence of the Pemmasani Nayaks. Recently, Obul Reddy, a Mydukur-based historian, discovered a copper plate inscription on the history of Gandikonda Fort. The inscription dates back to 16th century.
The nearest railway station is 26 km away at Muddanuru in Kadapa District. There are number of trains from Gooty Junction. The nearest town is Jammalamadugu. There are buses available from Jammalamadugu Old Bus Stand or Gandhi Statue Junction to Gandikota.
Inside the fort there is no means of transportation except to walk by foot. It is ideal to engage a guide as the fort area is huge. There is a good downhill trek through the canyon that leads to the riverbed. There is a Gandikota Dam upstream and a myalavaram dam downstream.
PLACES NEAR TO GANDIKOTA:
Belum Caves is the second largest cave in Indian subcontinent and the longest caves in plains of Indian Subcontinent, known for its stalactite and stalagmite formations. It is a natural underground cave formed by the constant flow of underground water. The caves reach its deepest point (150 feet from entrance level) at the point known as Pataalaganga. There are 16 different pathways, including the main entrance and there are deposits of Quartz in the caves. The caves are formed in Black Limestone.
Ahobhilam is located in the Kurnool district. There are two temple houses, lower Ahobilam and upper Ahobilam. According to the legend, this is where Lord Narasimha blessed Prahlada and killed the demon Hiranyakashipu. The mention of this place is present in Brahmanda Purana. The place where Lord Narayana appeared from the stone pillar to kill Hiranyakashipa can be seen in this place. The name of this pillar is Ugra Sthambha, which incorrectly translates to iron pillar. The Ugra Sthambham is a huge rock jutting out of a mountain cliff, it is believed to be the pillar from where Lord Narasimha emerged. The trek begins just a few meters from the waterfall near Jwala Narasimha Temple.
Orvakallu is a natural landscape of regal rock formations around a long, meandering body of water. It is located about 25 kilometres from Kurnool, on National Highway 18. It is relatively easy to find. These natural rock formations are perfect for trekking, as visitors can climb up the rocks, which are of multitude shapes and sizes. On reaching the highest point, visitors are rewarded with a breathtaking view of the water body that has wide open spaces and clear blue skies as its backdrop.
HERE ARE SOME OTHER WONDERFUL PICTURES FROM GANDIKOTA: